Krzysztof BIRKENMAJER

Caledonian basement in NW Wedel Jarlsberg Land south of Bellsund, Spitsbergen


 Polish Polar Research 25 (1), 2004: 3-26

ABSTRACT: The area of NW Wedel Jarlsberg Land south of Bellsund (Spitsbergen), between Dunderbukta in the west and the Berzeliustinden mountain group in the east, consists of five fault-bounded blocks: (1) the Renardbreen Block (Middle–Late Proterozoic basement rocks), (2) the Chamberlindalen Block (Late Proterozoic basement rocks), (3) the Martinfjella Block (Late Proterozoic through Early Ordovician basement rocks), (4) the Berzeliustinden Block (Late Proterozoic and Early Ordovician basement rocks covered by Late Palaeozoic–Tertiary platform deposits), (5) the Reinodden Block (Late Palaeozoic and Mesozoic rocks). The paper presents an outline of lithostratigraphy (Middle/Upper Proterozoic–Lower Ordovician: Hecla Hoek Succession) and architecture of the Caledonian basement in which several thrust-sheets and thrust-folds have been recognized. It also discusses some aspects of Tertiary overthrusting, faulting and rotation with affected the basement rocks and remodelled its Caledonian architecture.

Key words: Arctic, Spitsbergen , Middle/Upper Proterozoic, Cambrian, Ordovician, Caledonian basement, lithostratigraphy, tectonics

Addres: Instytut Nauk Geologicznych, Polska Akademia Nauk, Ośrodek Badawczy w Krakowie, ul. Senacka 1/3, 31-002 Kraków, Poland e-mail: ndbirken@cyf-kr.edu.pl